0017| Volume 128, SUPPLEMENT , 154980, March 2022

Demographics of COVID 19 admitted patients and obesity: a retrospective study

      Background and Aims
      Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of COVID-19, hasinfected more than 153 million people and led to the death of 3.3 million others. It is estimated that people with diabetes melitus are, due to the hyperglycaemia, in a high risk
      category for mortality. Furthermore, persons with obesity who become ill and require intensive care present challenges in patient management
      as it is more difficult to intubate patients with obesity, and this is especially true in Saudi Arabia and the region of Hail, where morbid obesity is at
      33.6% of the population.
      Our aim is to present the demographics for our inpatient population and also the percentage of intubated patients as we measured mortalities and readmissions in 30 days.
      A retrospective cohort study of 753 patients admitted as positive COVID 19 patients, from April 1, 2020 to July 31, 2020, covering a period of 4
      months. We then categorised the patient in cohorts according to the existence of comorbidities, and categorised them according to
      their BMI index.
      We then correlated using statistical tool analysis - SPSS statistics tool - intubation, mortality ,readmitance in 30 days in thes groups of patients
      Around 40% of our cases were diabetic. 18% of the diabetic cases intubated, instead of 7% of non DM cases. Mortalities were higher in the
      diabetic group as percentage ( 14% to 7%), and readmissions. Significant correlation between BMI and days of ICU stay
      There is significant morbidity in DM patients with COVID 19, especially morbid obese.
      Keywords: COVID 19, Obesity, Diabetes, COPD, Heart Disease, Anosmia
      Abbreviations: SARS COVID 19
      Funding and Conflicts of Interest
      No funding or conflict of interests